Hello, all of you must have heard about Vastu Shastra . Even if you have not heard, then today we will tell you in detail about Vastu Shastra.Vastu Shastra is a science based on some such important and very effective rules, which need to be understood from a logical point of view.
1- The literal meaning of Vastu –
The Vastu word has two meanings-
Meaning first – the place where people live. That is, all the places where man resides or works.
Second meaning – The study of objects is also called Vastu Shastra.
2- Literary meaning of the word Vastu –
According to Veda –
In the hymns of the Vedas, ‘Vastu’ is defined as the land suitable for building a house.
According to Samarangan Sutradhar
According to Samarangan Sutradhar, one of the oldest texts of Vastu, the word ‘Vastu’ is derived from ‘Vasu’ or the earth. Earth is considered to be the fundamental Vastu and all those creations which are situated on the earth are also called Vastu.
According to Mayamatma
Mayamatma mentions four types of Vastu:- Prithvi, Temple, Vehicle, and Asana. Earth is the main among these four also.
3- Origin of Vastu Shastra –
The word Vastu is derived from the Sanskrit word ‘Vas’. Vaas means a place to live. And from this ‘Vas’ two other words are made – ‘Awas’ and ‘Residence’.
The first mention of Vastu Shastra, prevalent as the science of building construction, is found in the Vedas composed several thousand years ago from the point of view of the available written literature. At that time the knowledge of the science of Vastu was limited to a few people of the society and they used to pass this knowledge from one generation to the next through their successors.
In the beginning, the principles of Vastu were mainly based on what kind of effect the rays of the sun have on which place throughout the day. And the results that came out on studying it, those principles later laid the foundation for the development of other rules of Vastu.
Since that time, along with the development of human civilization, Vastu science has also developed a lot. So it can be said that the present principles of Vastu Shastra are the result of thousands of years of development. So where Vedas are known as the place of origin of Vastu, Vishwakarma is believed to be the founder of Vastu Shastra, who composed the book ‘Vishvakarma Vastu Shastra’. However, Vastu came into existence in the eleventh century only when a book called ‘Samarangan Sutradhar’ was written by Maharaja Bhojraj, which is considered to be the authentic text of Vastu Shastra.
Vastu Shastra has basically been a part of the Vedas. Significantly, apart from our four Vedas, Upavedas have also been written, one of which was the architectural Veda. Later on, on the basis of this Upveda, Vastu Shastra developed and many literatures related to it were written in different parts of India. As Mayamatam and Manasar Shilp-shastra was composed in South India, Vishwakarma Vastu Shastra was composed in North India.
Many principles of Vastu are found in the ancient text Rigveda. In Rigveda, a deity named Vastosapati is also mentioned in the context of Vastu. Apart from this, the principles of Vastu Shastra are mentioned in many other ancient texts and literature such as Matsya Purana, Narada Purana and Skanda Purana and even in Buddhist literature it is also mentioned.
It is believed that Gautam Buddha had also preached to his disciples regarding the construction of the building. Different types of buildings are mentioned in Buddhist literature. Skanda Purana holds great importance in these ancient works. In this, the principles of Vastu have been told for the better development and prosperity of the metropolis.
the Narada Purana, apart from the architecture of the temples, in which direction should the water bodies like lakes, wells, canals etc.
In which direction the sources of water should be located in the houses, information is available in this regard.